I usually begin by extending the hose on my vacuum. Then I:
* "sweep" the front porch and door mat,
* clean the front door jam.
Next, I start at the top of the interior, again using the extended hose, and I:
* remove spider webs around the ceiling.
I then add a brush or dusting attachment and:
* "dust" light fixtures, the tops of tall bookshelves, and the top of door jams.
* "dust" picture frames and mirrors,
* "dust" lamp shades,
* "dust" just about any surface (from tabletops and pianos) that isn't cluttered.
I then sometimes put the upholstery attachment on the hose and:
* remove dust and pet hair from furniture.
Sometimes I use the hose without an attachment (or I put the crevice attachment in place) to:
* clean the crevices between the floorboards and the floor,
* clean under the floor under the cabinets or other furniture, where the vacuum roller won't reach.
Next, I put my vacuum on the bare floor mode and:
* vacuum the vinyl and wood floors (I've never understood why anyone uses a broom any more),
* vacuum throw rugs.
Finally, I put the vacuum on carpet mode and vacuum the carpet.
In addition, I use the vacuum to:
* clean filters (like the air conditioner filter and the house's air filter),
* vacuum under the refrigerator,
* vacuum out stubborn lint from the clothes dryer,
* clean and dust the inside of drawers or cabinets,
* vacuum curtains or draperies (if your vacuum has a low-suction setting),
* vacuum under the high chair (instead of wiping or hand picking up; for this I use this excellent hand held vac, which is superb for picking up all manner of dry spills)
Bear in mind, I don't do all these things every time I vacuum. (Far from it!) But taking full advantage of my vacuum's capabilities does make keeping my house cleaner a lot easier.